Carbon addition effects on microstructure and small-scale hardness for Ti(C,N)-FeNi cermets

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The current study investigates the influence of carbon addition on the microstructural and micromechanical properties of Ti(C,N)-FeNi cermets with different ceramic/metal phase ratios. Evaluation of small-scale hardness is conducted by using high speed nanoindentation in conjunction with statistical analysis. It allows to gather extremely large data sets (40,000 imprints per grade and condition); and thus, detailed hardness mapping at the microstructure length scale. Subsequent statistical analysis was done by considering three mechanically distinct phases: Ti(C,N) particles, the metallic binder, and one exhibiting the composite behaviour (i.e. imprints probing two-phase regions). In general, it is found that porosity amount is reduced as ceramic/metal phase ratio decreases and carbon is added. Carbon addition is also observed to rise small-scale hardness, but only for two of the defined phases: metallic binder and the composite one. Similar trends are observed regarding the influence of ceramic/metal phase ratio and carbon addition on the inverse hardness-fracture toughness correlation measured under high applied loads.
Cermet, High speed indentation, Hardness, Mechanical mapping, Massive indentation, Statistical analysis
Bibliographic citation
International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, (2019), v. 85, 105064.