Experimental analysis of drilling induced damage in biocomposites

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This paper focuses on the analysis of drilling induced damage on biocomposites (woven fibers of cotton, flax and jute combined with polylactic acid, PLA, as the matrix). The main contribution of this work is the analysis of the influence of cutting parameters and drill geometry on fully biodegradable composites based on two different types of PLA and different fibers types. The damaged area was studied both at the hole entry and exit. Contrary to the behavior commonly observed when drilling conventional composites, delamination was negligible. The hole entry and exit damage were analyzed and quantified in terms of the fraying extension being the dominant. The damage extension was found to be dependent on the matrix, fiber type and drill geometry. The combination between cotton fiber and the small drill point angle showed the lowest level of damage. On the other hand, composite reinforced with flax fibers (those that exhibited the highest tensile strength) presented the greatest damage extension, increasing with the number of layers of the composite. The matrix based on polymer 10361D PLA, recommended for natural fibers because of the better interface cohesion, resulted in reduced fraying. Concerning the influence of cutting parameters, damage decreased when increasing the cutting speed and feed rate.
Composites, Natural fibers, Drilling, Damage, Waste reduction, Testing, Reinforced polymer composites, Mechanical-properties, Delamination factor, Bast fibers, High-speed, Machinability, Optimization, Prediction, Strength, Behavior
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Díaz-Álvarez, A., Rubio-López, Á., Santiuste, C., & Miguélez, M. H. (2018). Experimental analysis of drilling induced damage in biocomposites. Textile Research Journal, 88(22), 2544–2558.