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Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    Political economy and tax reform in parliament: Spain's attempt to implement income tax in 1868-1869
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09) San-Julián-Arrupe, Javier
    The influence of economic ideas in parliamentary debates has attracted increasing attention in the analysis of the institutionalisation of political economy in the liberal age in the Western world. Within this framework, this paper explores a particular case: the relevance of economic ideas and the role of economists in the debates that took place in the Spanish Parliament in 1869 following the bill issued by the Minister of Finance Figuerola to establish a tax on personal incomes. Economic ideas and parliamentarian economists played a significant role in the design of the income tax as a key tool to modernise Spain’s tax system, and in the subsequent parliamentary discussions.
  • Publication
    Fiscalidad y precios en Castilla en el siglo XVII: los precios del vino en Madrid, 1606-1700
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09) Andrés Ucendo, José Ignacio
    El presente artıulo analiza la relacioón entre la fiscalidad y los precios en la Castilla del siglo XVII a través de un estudio de la influencia de los impuestos reales y municipales sobre el precio del litro de vino ordinario en Madrid entre 1606 y 1700. El primer apartado presenta los diversos tributos reales y municipales cobrados sobre el vino en Madrid, y demuestra que este producto fue el que más ingresos fiscales aportó tanto a la Hacienda Real como a la municipal. La segunda parte estudia el modo en que las autoridades estimaban el valor de los impuestos monetarios y en especie cobrados recaudados sobre este producto. El tercer apartado muestra que el peso de los impuestos municipales y reales cobrados sobre el litro de vino creció a lo largo del período. Si hacia 1606-10 estos impuestos representaban el 30 por cien del precio de venta del vino, en el último tercio del siglo este porcentaje creció hasta el del 60-65 por cien.
  • Publication
    Contraportada [Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Año XXIX, otoño 2011, n. 2]
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09)
  • Publication
    Preliminares [Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Año XXIX, otoño 2011, n. 2]
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09)
  • Publication
    The terms of trade for agricultural and food products, 1951-2000
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09) Serrano, Raúl; Pinilla, Vicente
    This study aims to answer whether empirical records confirm the existence of a secular decline in the terms of trade affecting primary producers (the Singer–Prebisch hypothesis). The paper analyses the evolution of the terms of trade for agricultural and food products in the second half of the 20th century. We obtain sixty new real price indices for internationally traded agricultural products. We conclude, from a long-term perspective, that the deterioration in the terms of trade for agricultural and food products was strong and clear in the second half of the last century. In general, less processed products suffered a very heavy fall in their real prices. However, there was no continuous and persistent deterioration in the terms of trade either as a whole or for the great majority of the agricultural and food product groups (with the exception of natural rubber, textile fibres and other raw materials). Rather, this deterioration occurred in stages.
  • Publication
    Insecurity and economic development in Colombia in the 1st century of independence
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09) Deas, Malcolm
    The article questions the degree of importance that has been attributed to insecurity in the recent analysis of Colombia’s lack of development in the 19th century, and of the lack of development in post-independence Latin America generally. The author criticizes their lack of empirical evidence, and their lack of comparative focus, both within the hemisphere and outside it, and offers a series of arguments against their conclusions. His own evidence in the Colombian case indicates that neither «anarchy» nor deficiencies in property rights constituted significant brakes on the development of the country’s economy. He also questions the direction of causation in institutionalist explanations.
  • Publication
    The first privatisation policy in Latin America: selling state-owned enterprises in 1948-1950 Puerto Rico
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2011-09) Bel, Germà
    In the 1940s, when the governor of Puerto Rico was still appointed by the U.S. president, a large state-owned enterprise (SOE) sector was established. Later, in 1948-1950, the island’s first elected government privatised these SOEs. This paper documents both the creation of the SOE sector and its privatisation, and analyses the role played by ideology, political interests and economic concerns in the decision to privatise. Whereas ideological factors might have played a significant role in the building of the SOE sector, the privatisation process was driven by economic factors. In the cement sector, the competing private firm was more efficient and the SOEs in other sectors with no private competitors in the island showed permanent losses.