RHE 2014 n. 03 invierno

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Archivo Abierto Institucional de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid: RHE V. 32 Nº 3 invierno 2014
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Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
  • Publication
    Contraportada [Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Año XXXII, december 2014, n. 3]
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2014-12)
  • Publication
    No Reversal of Fortune in the Long Run: Geography and Spatial Persistence of Prosperity in Colombia, 1500-2005
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2014-12) Meisel, Adolfo
    This paper examines the non-reversal of fortune thesis proposed by Acemoglu et al. (2002) in the light of the Colombian experience over the last 500 years. Using a total of fourteen national population censuses and the record of tributary Indians in 1559, it is found that the population density of Colombian regions presented a high degree of persistence through time. Thus, the evidence indicates that those places that were prosperous circa 1500 remain so today, and vice versa. These results indicate that the long-run influences of geography on regional economic disparities within a country are not negligible.
  • Publication
    Cambios en la estructura de las rentas públicas de Yucatán,1850-1902
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2014-12) Campos García, Melchor
    El artículo analiza los cambios en la estructura tributaria de Yucatán, México, durante la transición del régimen colonial a la fiscalidad liberal, de 1850 a 1902. Caracteriza sus etapas en función de la composición y el protagonismo alternativo de los impuestos directos y los impuestos indirectos en las rentas públicas. Durante los profundos cambios en la estructura económica, la tributación indirecta al consumo y los impuestos directos sobre los sectores secundario y terciario protegieron el crecimiento del sector productivo del henequén (1869-1882). Finalmente, el impuesto sobre el henequén no sustituyó a los ingresos indirectos. La modernización fiscal (1896-1902) equilibró la tributación directa de producto con los aplicados a sectores más urbanos, el secundario y las ventas del sector mercantil.
  • Publication
    The Railway Network and the Process of Population Concentration in Spain, 1900-2001
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2014-12) Franch-Auladell, Xavier; Morillas-Torné, Mateu; Martí-Henneberg, Jordi
    This paper proposes a methodology for quantifying the territorial impact on population distribution of the railway. The central hypothesis is that access to railway services provides the best-connected areas with a long-term comparative advantage over others that are less accessible. Carrying out a historical analysis and providing comparable data at the municipal level allows us to determine the extent to which the railway has fostered the concentration of population within its immediate surroundings. The case study presented here is that of Spain between 1900 and 2001, but the same methodology could equally be applied to any other country for which the required data are available. In this case, key data included a Geographic Information System with information about both the development of the railway network and census data relating to total population at the municipal level. The results obtained suggest the relevance of this methodology, which makes it possible to identify the periods and areas in which this influence was most significant.
  • Publication
    Was there a Mid-20th Century Fertility Boom in Latin America?
    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, 2014-12) Reher, David-Sven; Requena, Miguel
    The historic process of fertility decline was interrupted during the central decades of the 20th century with an unexpected period of increasing fertility that has been called the baby boom. Normally it is considered a phenomenon exclusive to countries participating in the historic demographic transition. A recent study suggests that a similar trend change in fertility may have also taken place in a few developing nations at approximately the same time and with similar characteristics to the fertility boom in the developed world. The main goal of this paper is to examine the extent to which these trend changes took place in Latin America and whether or not their characteristics were similar to those holding in the developed world.